The BC NDP government’s delays in providing a greater range of addiction recovery options in the face of the overdose crisis are putting lives at risk, the BC Liberal opposition critic for mental health and addictions said Oct. 2.
“We need more treatment and recovery options immediately,” Jane Thornthwaite said in an interview. “We clearly are not doing what needs to be done.”
She told the Legislature Oct. 1 the NDP should work to end the opioid crisis by offering identified addicts residential treatment as is done in Portugal.
“Continuing to pour money into harm reduction, including replacement therapies and drug-testing kits, helps save lives today but won’t end the cycle of addiction,” Thornthwaite told MLAs.
She said in the interview those options are part of the solution but not the full spectrum of what’s needed. She suggested a need for more detox availability followed by other recovery options.
“It could be 12-step, it could be not,” she said. “There’s a real inequality right now in our province about abstinence-based treatment.”
Her suggestions contrast with those put forward to Union of BC Municipalities conference (UBCM) delegates last month by the NDP-appointed leader of overdose crisis response team.
Dr. Patricia Daly angered members of B.C.’s abstinence-based addiction recovery community when she suggested opioid addicts use prescribed drug treatments for the rest of the lives.
“[There’s] a need for lifelong treatment that will allow you to function,” said Daly, Vancouver Coastal Health’s (VCH) chief medical health officer.
Daly told UBCM delegates that pressure to remain abstinent and the stigmatization of relapse in 12-step recovery programs may not be as effective a long-term solution such as medication.
Thornthwaite said the comments have resulted in B.C.’s recovery community using a #StopDaly hashtag on social media.
In a Sept. 26 response to a request to identify which drug replacement therapies are approved for use, Anna Low, freedom of information co-ordinator for VCH, said Daly is not an expert in that area.
“Dr. Daly does not make recommendations for drug treatments for opioid use disorder as this is not her area of expertise,” Low said in the emailed response. “In B.C., these are made by the B.C. Centre for Substance Use (BCCSU), and they communicate directly with physicians with their recommendations. Some are also endorsed by the provincial government.”
Low noted the authority “does not approve drugs or medications for opioid use disorder – this is the jurisdiction of Ministry of Health, College of Pharmacists, and Lower Mainland Pharmacy.”
The provincial Ministry of Health website said PharmaCare covers methadone, buprenorphine/naloxone (also known as Suboxone) and the slow-release morphine Kadian as treatments for opioid addiction.
None of the manufacturers of those specific drugs listed in the ministry website are named in a lawsuit the government filed against opioid drug makers Aug. 29.
NDP deputy caucus chair Rachna Singh agreed with Thornthwaite in the Legislature that residential care investments are needed to assist addicts in quitting drugs.
However, she also stressed the need for harm reduction and overdose prevention sites such as Insite in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside.
There, medical staff supervises users as they inject.
Singh, a former alcohol and drug counsellor, said the first priority is to keep people alive.
There’s no treatment for addiction if the patient is dead,” Singh said. “We should have all kinds of treatment models. If we don’t have the person seeking the treatment alive, there’s no point in creating all these kinds of services.”
She said Minister of Mental Health and Addictions Judy Darcy is committed to investment in residential care.
The Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions said in an Oct. 2 statement that the government allocated $322 million over three years in response to the crisis, including $171 million for treatment and recovery.
The ministry has supported residential treatment at Comox Valley Recovery Centre, which received $236,000 from the Island Health authority. The government also provided $4.7 million for Our Place Society’s Therapeutic Recovery Community, where male clients stay between 12 and 24 months, the ministry said.
And, in July, the government purchased the Woodwyn Farms treatment facility for $6.9 million, the ministry said.
“The ministry’s commitment to stemming the tide of the overdose crisis is unwavering and we will continue to combat the overdose crisis with actions that save lives, end stigma and build a system of mental health and addictions care in B.C. that works for everyone,” the statement said.
The ministry did not respond to requests for an interview with Daly.
On Sept. 6, Victoria and Ottawa announced an agreement to provide a joint $71.7 million for enhanced or increased treatment services. The funds are aimed at youth support, expanding injectable opioid agonist treatment to control drug cravings, supporting treatment beds and connecting people with appropriate treatment options.
Thornthwaite said those beds need to be available to anyone.
On Dec. 1, 2017, Darcy announced the launch of the Overdose Emergency Response Centre in response to the opioid crisis that has claimed hundreds of lives across the province.
Darcy’s news release announced Daly as the centre’s executive director and clinical lead.
Daly’s VCH profile list her responsibilities as “communicable disease control including management of outbreaks, health protection and environmental health, community care facilities licensing, population health and public health surveillance.”
Requests to the centre to interview Daly are passed to the ministry.
Darcy could not be reached for comment.
There were 601 fentanyl-related drug overdose deaths in B.C. between January and June, an 11 per cent decrease compared to the same 2017 period, the BC Coroners Service said.
Overdose deaths jumped 43 per cent from 914 in 2016 to 1,422 in 2017.
Daly said Sept. 11 the province is “on track to have about the same number of deaths as last year.”
A Guideline for the Clinical Management of Opioid Abuse Disorder, released by the B.C. Ministry of Health and the B.C. Centre on Substance Use, includes medications as an option for addiction treatment.
“Referral to a residential treatment facility should be considered as a preferred option for individuals who wish to avoid long-term opioid agonist treatment,” the guideline said.
Daly’s suggestions drew harsh criticism from advocates of abstinence-based addiction recovery programs.
Giuseppe Ganci, director of community development for New Westminster’s Last Door, an accredited 100-bed addiction treatment centre, said Sept. 28 “all recovery journeys” should be considered as viable.
Ganci, chair of the New Westminster Recovery Day event that attracts thousands of people, said focusing on one causes confusion.
“We’re not saying, ‘Don’t take medication,’” he said. “We’re saying, ‘Don’t force people to take medication.’
“When you have new people entering the recovery journey, they get lost in the fight.”
He said focusing on one form of treatment to handle the crisis leaves the poor on medication while the wealthy go to expensive rehabilitation centres.
“It just shows how confusing health care is in terms of mental health and addictions in British Columbia,” Ganci said.
He called Daly’s Sept. 11 comments “a huge problem.”
“It just shows the system is broken,” he said.