OTTAWA — "No cannabis at border crossings." The signs posted on the Canadian side of Ontario's Thousand Islands crossing into the United States couldn't be more clear. They're punctuated with a logo featuring a pot leaf inside a red circle with a red slash through it.
It's a reminder that even though Canada enters a brave new world of cannabis legalization on Wednesday, these heady horizons do not necessarily extend beyond the country's borders. So Canadians should be aware of the rules when travelling abroad once Ottawa allows recreational marijuana use at home. Here's what you need to know:
As of Oct. 17, adults in Canada can possess and share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis. They'll be able to buy it from provincially or federally licensed retailers and grow up to up to four cannabis plants per residence for personal use.
Cannabis to go?
Leave your freshly procured weed at home. The federal government warns that taking pot in any form across Canada’s international borders will remain illegal and can result in serious criminal penalties both at home and abroad.
This is the case even if you are travelling to places like The Netherlands or Uruguay that have decriminalized or legalized cannabis.
The restriction applies regardless of the amount or whether you hold a document authorizing the use of cannabis for medical purposes. Only Health Canada has authority to issue permits or grant exemptions in limited circumstances.
Heading to the United States
Many U.S. states allow medical or recreational use of marijuana. But it changes nothing when crossing the border. That's because cultivation, possession and distribution of the drug remain illegal under the federal Controlled Substances Act.
The border falls under federal jurisdiction, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers can deny Canadians and other non-citizens entry on a number of marijuana-related grounds.
These include a pot conviction in the United States or abroad, an admission of use without a conviction, or reason to believe you're a drug addict or involved in trafficking. Or you could be turned away if the officer believes you will violate the Controlled Substances Act — for instance by smoking pot in the U.S., even in a state like Colorado or Washington where it's legal.
Once ruled inadmissible, a traveller might require a special waiver to enter the U.S.
It's best to avoid telltale visual clues or saying anything that might prompt questions about drug use. So, no flashing a lighter emblazoned with a marijuana leaf or joking about that Grateful Dead concert you went to in Portland years ago.
The federal government advises Canadians not to lie at the border.
If you don't like the questions, you have the right to withdraw your request to enter the U.S.
What if I work in the cannabis industry?
U.S. Customs and Border Protection says a Canadian citizen working in the legal cannabis industry in Canada will generally be allowed into the U.S. for vacation or business unrelated to marijuana. But a person seeking entry for reasons related to the cannabis industry might be turned away.
Indeed, there have been reports of Canadians being denied entry due to involvement in the U.S. cannabis industry.
Consultant Ivan Ross Vrana says he has not been asked about marijuana upon entering the U.S. about half a dozen times in the last couple of years to meet with people looking to work in the Canadian cannabis industry. Nor has he heard of associates running into snags at the border.
"I think the best policy is to be straightforward," said Vrana, vice-president of public affairs at Hill and Knowlton Strategies.
"It's their country, it's their rules, right?"
Coming home to Canada
Bringing cannabis into Canada will remain illegal, even when travelling from places that have loosened their laws on marijuana use, the government warns.
Canada Border Services Agency officials say they will be asking visitors and returning Canadians whether they have any cannabis with them. They hope the question will reduce the risk of unintentional violations of the law.
If you are carrying pot when you enter Canada, it must be declared to the border agency. Otherwise, you may face arrest and prosecution, the agency says.